JohnSWilson3 Blog


Part 1 – Analysis of the Greek Word “logos.”
July 7, 2011, 3:33 am
Filed under: 2B - Word Study of "Logos"

“λόγος” (logos) [singular nominative masculine]. It is used 68 or 69 times in the New Testament. [69 if you count the questionable verse from the KJV (1 John 5:7) which uses the Received Greek Text]. The following are the phrases from scripture (in some what chronological order) where “logos” is used, using the NASB (http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-American-Standard-Bible-NASB/). I have put an asterisk (*) by those that could be referring to our personal indwelling Christ Jesus our Lord or as a synonym for the name of Christ. You may see it differently.

Matthew:
5:37; “But let your statement (logos) be ‘Yes, yes’ or ‘No, no’; anything beyond these is of evil.”
28:15; And they took the money and did as they had been instructed; and this story (logos) was widely spread among the Jews, and is to this day.

Mark:
(*)4:15; “These are the ones who are beside the road where the word (logos) is sown; and when they hear, immediately Satan comes and takes away the word (logon) which has been sown in them.”

Luke:
4:32; and they were amazed at His teaching, for His message (logos) was with authority.
4:36; And amazement came upon them all, and they began talking with one another saying, “What is this message (logos)? For with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits and they come out.”
5:15; But the news (logos) about Him was spreading even farther, and large crowds were gathering to hear Him and to be healed of their sicknesses.
7:17; This report (logos) concerning Him went out all over Judea and in all the surrounding district.
(*)8:11; “Now the parable is this: the seed is the word (logos) of God.”

John:
(*)1:1; In the beginning was the Word (logos), and the Word (logos) was with God, and the Word (logos) was God.
(*)1:14; And the Word (logos) became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.
4:37; For in this case the saying (logos) is true, ‘One sows and another reaps.’
6:60; Therefore many of His disciples, when they heard this said, “This is a difficult statement (logos); who can listen to it?”
7:36; What is this statement (logos) that He said, ‘You will seek Me, and will not find Me; and where I am, you cannot come’?”
8:37; I know that you are Abraham’s descendants; yet you seek to kill Me, because My word (logos) has no place in you.
(*)10:35; If he called them gods, to whom the word (logos) of God came (and the Scripture cannot be broken),
12:38; This was to fulfill the word (logos) of Isaiah the prophet which he spoke: “LORD, WHO HAS BELIEVED OUR REPORT? AND TO WHOM HAS THE ARM OF THE LORD BEEN REVEALED?”
12:48; He who rejects Me and does not receive My sayings, has one who judges him; the word (logos) I spoke is what will judge him at the last day.
14:24; He who does not love Me does not keep My words (logous); and the word (logos) which you hear is not Mine, but the Father’s who sent Me.
15:25; But they have done this to fulfill the word (logos) that is written in their Law, ‘(AK)THEY HATED ME WITHOUT A CAUSE.’
(*)17:17; Sanctify them in the truth; Your word (logos) is truth.
18:9; to fulfill the word (logos) which He spoke, “Of those whom You have given Me I lost not one.”
18:32; to fulfill the word (logos) of Jesus which He spoke, signifying by what kind of death He was about to die.
21:23; Therefore this saying (logos) went out among the brethren that that disciple would not die; yet Jesus did not say to him that he would not die, but only, “If I want him to remain until I come, what is that to you?”

Acts:
6:5; The statement (logos) found approval with the whole congregation; and they chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit, and Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas and Nicolas, a proselyte from Antioch.
(*)6:7; The word (logos) of God kept on spreading; and the number of the disciples continued to increase greatly in Jerusalem, and a great many of the priests were becoming obedient to the faith.
11:22; The news (logos) about them reached the ears of the church at Jerusalem, and they sent Barnabas off to Antioch.
(*)12:24; But the word (logos) of the Lord continued to grow and to be multiplied.
13:15; After the reading of the Law and the Prophets the synagogue officials sent to them, saying, “Brethren, if you have any word (logos) of exhortation for the people, say it.”
(*)13:26; “Brethren, sons of Abraham’s family, and those among you who fear God, to us the message (logos) of this salvation has been sent.
(*)13:49; And the word (logos) of the Lord was being spread through the whole region.
(*)17:13; But when the Jews of Thessalonica found out that the word (logos) of God had been proclaimed by Paul in Berea also, they came there as well, agitating and stirring up the crowds.
(*)19:20; So the word (logos) of the Lord was growing mightily and prevailing.

James and Galatians do not mention the singular nominative masculine “logos” in their letters.

1 Thessalonians:
(*)1:8; For the word (logos) of the Lord has sounded forth from you, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith toward God has gone forth, so that we have no need to say anything.

2 Thessalonians:
(*)3:1; Finally, brethren, pray for us that the word (logos) of the Lord will spread rapidly and be glorified, just as it did also with you;

1 Corinthians:
(*)1:18; For the word (logos) of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. (it is not in the original Greek)
(*)2:4; and my message (logos) and my preaching were not in persuasive words (logois) of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power,
(*)12:8; For to one is given the word (logos) of wisdom through the Spirit, and to another the word (logos) of knowledge according to the same Spirit;
(*)14:36; Was it from you that the word (logos) of God first went forth? Or has it come to you only? (the word “it” in NASB is not in original Greek)
15:54; But when this perishable will have put on the imperishable, and this mortal will have put on immortality, then will come about the saying (logos) that is written, “DEATH IS SWALLOWED UP in victory.

2 Corinthians:
(*)1:18; But as God is faithful, our word (logos) to you is not yes and no. (original Greek construction is “But faithful is God that the logos of us to you is not yes and no.”)
10:10; For they say, “His letters are weighty and strong, but his personal presence is unimpressive and his speech (logos) contemptible.”

Romans:
(*)9:6; But it is not as though the word (logos) of God has failed. For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel;
9:9; For this is the word (logos) of promise: “AT THIS TIME I WILL COME, AND SARAH SHALL HAVE A SON.”

Philippians does not mention the singular nominative masculine “logos” in its letter.

Colossians:
(*)3:16; Let the word (logos) of Christ richly dwell within you, with all wisdom teaching and admonishing one another with psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with thankfulness in your hearts to God.
4:6; Let your speech (logos) always be with grace, as though seasoned with salt, so that you will know how you should respond to each person.

Philemon does not mention the singular nominative masculine “logos” in its letter.

Ephesians:
4:29; Let no unwholesome word (logos) proceed from your mouth, but only such a word as is good for edification according to the need of the moment, so that it will give grace to those who hear. (original Greek does not have “such a word”)
6:19; and pray on my behalf, that utterance (logos) may be given to me in the opening of my mouth, to make known with boldness the mystery of the gospel

Hebrews:
(*)2:2; For if the word (logos) spoken through angels proved unalterable, and every transgression and disobedience received a just penalty,
(*)4:2; For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word (logos) they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard. (The sense is of hearing Christ but not believing what He said.)
(*)4:12; For the word (logos) of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart.
(*)4:13; And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do (logos). (this last part of the verse has an interesting Greek construction, literally it is written: “with whom to us is the logos.”)
(*)5:11; Concerning him we have much to say (logos), and it is hard to explain, since you have become dull of hearing. (the first part of this verse also has an interesting Greek construction, literally it is written: “Concerning whom much to us the logos and hard to interpret to say…” and the “whom” appears to describe Christ the high priest in the earlier verse.)
7:28; For the Law appoints men as high priests who are weak, but the word (logos) of the oath, which came after the Law, appoints a Son, made perfect forever.

1 Timothy:
(*)1:15; It is a trustworthy statement (logos), deserving full acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, among whom I am foremost of all. (While the first few words appear to be a “saying,” and probably is, the Greek construction literally says: “Faithful is the logos and of all acceptance worthy…” and if we took the words from the previous verse it would be literally: “and superabound the grace of the Lord of us with faith and love in Christ Jesus. Faithful is the logos…”)
(*)3:1; It is a trustworthy statement (logos): if any man aspires to the office of overseer, it is a fine work he desires to do. (same as previous comment, also notice that the literal Greek construction says: “Faithful is the logos: if anyone watch over aspires to, a good work he desires.” This verse also says nothing about an office or a position in the body of Christ but a function).
(*)4:9; It is a trustworthy statement (logos) deserving full acceptance. (same Greek construction as the previous two statements)

2 Timothy:
(*)2:9; for which I suffer hardship even to imprisonment as a criminal; but the word (logos) of God is not imprisoned.
(*)2:11; It is a trustworthy statement (logos): For if we died with Him, we will also live with Him; (same Greek construction as 1 Timothy in using the word logos)
2:17; and their talk (logos) will spread like gangrene. Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus

Titus:
(*)2:5; to be sensible, pure, workers at home, kind, being subject to their own husbands, so that the word (logos) of God will not be dishonored.
(*)3:8; This is a trustworthy statement (logos); and concerning these things I want you to speak confidently, so that those who have believed God will be careful to engage in good deeds. These things are good and profitable for men. (same Greek construction as 1 Timothy in using the word logos)

The Letters of Peter do not mention the singular nominative masculine “logos” in its letters.

1 John:
1:10; If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar and His word (logos) is not in us.
2:7; Beloved, I am not writing a new commandment to you, but an old commandment which you have had from the beginning; the old commandment is the word (logos) which you have heard.
(*)2:14; I have written to you, fathers, because you know Him who has been from the beginning. I have written to you, young men, because you are strong, and the word (logos) of God abides in you, and you have overcome the evil one.
(*)[5:7; in heaven, the Father, the Word (logos), and the Holy Spirit, and these three are one. (A few late manuscripts add this verse and is in the Received Text used by KJV)]

2 John, 3 John, and Jude do not mention the singular nominative masculine “logos” in their letters.

Revelation:
(*)19:13; He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word (logos) of God.

The above passages describe all instances where the singular nominative masculine “λόγος” (logos) is used in the New Testament. In context many of the passages seem to reflect our personal indwelling Christ Jesus our Lord, the Word of God, at least 36 of 69 instances of the use of the word seem to reflect our Lord or the name of our Lord as “the Word.” The gospel of John and his letter of Revelations specifically designate Christ as “the Word of God.” Interestingly, in Acts the sense is of the spreading and growing, organically, of Christ, the Word of God, as He is welcomed and becomes the life of those who hear and believe what He says and He is manifested by His people. The letter to Hebrews uses “logos” in all but one instance to indicate the importance of hearing and believing Christ, our indwelling Lord, the Word of God. Paul uses this word almost every time in his letters to Timothy and Titus to indicate the faithfulness of the indwelling Christ to help His assistant church planters. Again where logos is not necessarily the personal indwelling Lord or His name as “the Word” it does seem to indicate the Spirit of Christ is at work either through the written or spoken word given by the scripture or those living by His life, in other instances it refers to an expression of a thought by the words of the one speaking. So context is important to distinguish this truth.

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