JohnSWilson3 Blog


Part 2 – Analysis of the Greek Word “logou.”
July 7, 2011, 3:34 am
Filed under: 2B - Word Study of "Logos"

“λόγου” (logou) [singular genitive masculine]. Grammatically this is the possessive form of the noun. So the term “logou” would normally be translated “word’s.” It is used 27 times in the New Testament. The following are again phrases from scripture (in some what chronological order) where “logou” is used, using the NASB (http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-American-Standard-Bible-NASB/). Again, I have put an asterisk (*) by those that could be referring to our personal indwelling Christ Jesus our Lord. Again you may see it differently:

Matthew:
5:32; but I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except for the reason (logou) of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

Mark does not mention the singular genitive masculine “logou” in his gospel.

Luke:
(*)1:2; just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word (logou).
20:20; So they watched Him, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, in order that they might catch Him in some statement (logou), so that they could deliver Him to the rule and the authority of the governor.

John:
15:20; Remember the word (logou) that I said to you, ‘A slave is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you; if they kept My word (logov), they will keep yours also.
17:20; “I do not ask on behalf of these alone, but for those also who believe in Me through their word (logou)

Acts:
(*)6:4; But we will devote ourselves to prayer and to the ministry of the word (logou).” (The Greek literally says: “but we to the prayer and to the service of the logou will keep.” The thought is that the apostles focus was a different work than the work of the local body of believers, the reason for others taking care of the needs within the body. The Greek construction suggest that those with an apostolic function focus on keeping a particular intimate relationship with and service to “the logou.”)
14:12; And they began calling Barnabas, Zeus, and Paul, Hermes, because he was the chief speaker (logou).
15:6; The apostles and the elders came together to look into this matter (logou). (The proper translation of the Greek word for “elders” is “older people.”)
15:27; “Therefore we have sent Judas and Silas, who themselves will also report the same things by word (logou). (NASB adds the words “of mouth” after “logou”)
(*)15:32; Judas and Silas, also being prophets themselves, encouraged and strengthened the brethren with a lengthy message (logou). (The last part of this seems not to fit the Greek construction. Here is the literal rendering: “through logou much exhorted the brethren and confirmed” which seems to indicate a sharing from the indwelling Christ living within them)
18:15; but if there are questions about words (logou) and names and your own law, look after it yourselves; I am unwilling to be a judge of these matters.” (The first part of this verse from the literal Greek is: “but if questions it is concerning logou and names and law…”)
20:24; But I do not consider my life of any account (logou) as dear to myself, so that I may finish my course and the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify solemnly of the gospel of the grace of God.
22:22; They listened to him up to this statement (logou), and then they raised their voices and said, “Away with such a fellow from the earth, for he should not be allowed to live!”

James:
(*)1:22; But prove yourselves doers of the word (logou), and not merely hearers who delude themselves.
(*)1:23; For if anyone is a hearer of the word (logou) and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in a mirror

Galatians, and 1 Thessalonians do not mention the singular genitive masculine “logou” in their letters.

2 Thessalonians:
2:2; that you not be quickly shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a message (logou) or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come.
2:15; So then, brethren, stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught, whether by word (logou) or by letter from us. (NASB adds the words “of mouth” after “logou”)

1 Corinthians:
1:17; For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not in cleverness of speech (logou), so that the cross of Christ would not be made void.
2:1; And when I came to you, brethren, I did not come with superiority of speech (logou) or of wisdom, proclaiming to you the testimony of God.

2 Corinthians, Romans, Philippians do not mention the singular genitive masculine “logou” in their letters.

Colossians:
(*)4:3; praying at the same time for us as well, that God will open up to us a door for the word (logou), so that we may speak forth the mystery of Christ, for which I have also been imprisoned;

Philemon and Ephesians do not mention the singular genitive masculine “logou” in their letters.

Hebrews:
(*)5:13; For everyone who partakes only of milk is not accustomed to the word (logou) of righteousness, for he is an infant.
13:22; But I urge you, brethren, bear with this word (logou) of exhortation, for I have written to you briefly. (The Greek literally is: “And I beseech you brethren, endure the logou of beseeching; for indeed through few I wrote to you.”)

1 Timothy:
(*)4:5; for it is sanctified by means of the word (logou) of God and prayer.

2 Timothy does not mention the singular genitive masculine “logou” in its letter.

Titus:
(*)1:9; holding fast the faithful word (logou) which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict. (The latter part of this verse in Greek is literally: “in order that able may both exhort by the teaching healthy and the contradicting to convince.” The thought here is that those with a function of over watching over or looking over (not a title or position of overseer or bishop as wrongly translated) the body of Christ will express Christ, will hold onto “the faithful logou,” someone who is maturing in their relationship with Christ in His body, in this manner.)

1 Peter:
(*)1:23; for you have been born again not of seed which is perishable but imperishable, that is, through the living and enduring word (logou) of God.
3:1; In the same way, you wives, be submissive to your own husbands so that even if any of them are disobedient to the word (logo), they may be won without a word (logou) by the behavior of their wives,

2 Peter do not mention the singular genitive masculine “logou” in its letters.

1 John:
(*)1:1; What was from the beginning, what we have heard, what we have seen with our eyes, what we have looked at and touched with our hands, concerning the Word (logou) of Life—

2 John, 3 John, Jude, and Revelation do not mention the singular genitive masculine “logou” in their letters.

The above passages describe all instances where the singular genitive masculine “λόγου” (logou) is used in the New Testament. In context only in a few passages does it seem to reflect our personal indwelling Christ Jesus our Lord, the Word of God at least 11 of 27 instances of the use of the word seem to reflect our Lord. In 1 John the author uses this word once and specifically as the name for Christ as “the Word.” Also where logou is not necessarily the personal indwelling Lord or His name as “the Word” it does seem to indicate the Spirit of Christ is at work either through the written or spoken word given by the scripture or those living by His life, in other instances it refers to an expression of a thought by the words of the one speaking. Again context is important to distinguish this truth.

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