JohnSWilson3 Blog


Part 3 – Analysis of the Greek Word “logo.”
July 7, 2011, 3:35 am
Filed under: 2B - Word Study of "Logos"

“λόγῳ” (logo) [singular dative masculine]. Grammatically this is the indirect object form of the noun. So the term “logo” would normally be translated “a word.” It is used 45 times in the New Testament. The following are again phrases from scripture (in some what chronological order) where “logo” is used, using the NASB (http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-American-Standard-Bible-NASB/). Again, I have put an asterisk (*) by those that could be referring to our personal indwelling Christ Jesus our Lord. Again you may see it differently:

Matthew:
8:8; But the centurion said, “Lord, I am not worthy for You to come under my roof, but just say the word (logo), and my servant will be healed.
8:16; When evening came, they brought to Him many who were demon-possessed; and He cast out the spirits with a word (logo), and healed all who were ill.
22:15; Then the Pharisees went and plotted together how they might trap Him in what He said (logo).

Mark:
10:22; But at these words (logo) he was saddened, and he went away grieving, for he was one who owned much property. (The first part of the verse the Greek is literally: “But he being sad at the word went away…”)
12:13; Then they sent some of the Pharisees and Herodians to Him in order to trap Him in a statement (logo).

Luke:
1:29; But she was very perplexed at this statement (logo), and kept pondering what kind of salutation this was.
7:7; for this reason I did not even consider myself worthy to come to You, but just say the word (logo), and my servant will be healed.
24:19; And He said to them, “What things?” And they said to Him, “The things about Jesus the Nazarene, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word (logo) in the sight of God and all the people,

John:
2:22; So when He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word (logo) which Jesus had spoken.
4:50; Jesus said to him, “Go; your son lives.” The man believed the word (logo) that Jesus spoke to him and started off.
8:31; So Jesus was saying to those Jews who had believed Him, “If you continue in My word (logo), then you are truly disciples of Mine;

Acts:
7:29; At this remark (logo), MOSES FLED AND BECAME AN ALIEN IN THE LAND OF MIDIAN, where he became the father of two sons.
8:21; You have no part or portion in this matter (logo), for your heart is not right before God.
10:29; That is why I came without even raising any objection when I was sent for. So I ask for what reason (logo) you have sent for me.”
(*)14:3; Therefore they spent a long time there speaking boldly with reliance upon the Lord, who was testifying to the word (logo) of His grace, granting that signs and wonders be done by their hands.
20:2; When he had gone through those districts and had given them much exhortation, he came to Greece. (NASB does not translate “logo,” the literal Greek translation for this verse is: “And having gone through those parts and having exhorted them logo much he came into Greece.”)
(*)20:32; And now I commend you to God and to the word (logo) of His grace, which is able to build you up and to give you the inheritance among all those who are sanctified. (The words “which is” is not in the Greek and seems to indicate it is our indwelling Christ through each of His members who is “able to build” His body.)
20:38; grieving especially over the word (logo) which he had spoken, that they would not see his face again. And they were accompanying him to the ship.

James:
(*)1:18; In the exercise of His will He brought us forth by the word (logo) of truth, so that we would be a kind of first fruits among His creatures.
3:2; For we all stumble in many ways. If anyone does not stumble in what he says (logo), he is a perfect man, able to bridle the whole body as well.

Galatians:
5:14; For the whole Law is fulfilled in one word (logo), in the statement, “YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.”

1 Thessalonians:
1:5; for our gospel did not come to you in word (logo) only, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction; just as you know what kind of men we proved to be among you for your sake.
2:5; For we never came with flattering speech (logo), as you know, nor with a pretext for greed—God is witness—
(*)4:15; For this we say to you by the word (logo) of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep.

2 Thessalonians:
2:17; comfort and strengthen your hearts in every good work and word (logo).
3:14; If anyone does not obey our instruction (logo) in this letter, take special note of that person and do not associate with him, so that he will be put to shame. (The first part of this verse in the literal Greek is: “And if anyone obeys not the logo of us through the epistle…”)

1 Corinthians:
1:5; that in everything you were enriched in Him, in all speech (logo) and all knowledge
4:20; For the kingdom of God does not consist in words (logo) but in power. (The literal Greek translation for this verse is: “for not in logo the kingdom of God but in power.”)
(*)15:2; by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word (logo) which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain. (The word “preached” is literally translated “announced good news.”)

2 Corinthians:
(*)6:7; in the word (logo) of truth, in the power of God; by the weapons of righteousness for the right hand and the left
8:7; But just as you abound in everything, in faith and utterance (logo) and knowledge and in all earnestness and in the love we inspired in you, see that you abound in this gracious work also.
10:11; Let such a person consider this, that what we are in word (logo) by letters when absent, such persons we are also in deed when present.
11:6; But even if I am unskilled in speech (logo), yet I am not so in knowledge; in fact, in every way we have made this evident to you in all things.

Romans:
13:9; For this, “YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY, YOU SHALL NOT MURDER, YOU SHALL NOT STEAL, YOU SHALL NOT COVET,” and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying (logo), “YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.”
15:18; For I will not presume to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me, resulting in the obedience of the Gentiles by word (logo) and deed,

Philippians does not mention the singular dative masculine “logo” in its letter.

Colossians:
(*)1:5; because of the hope laid up for you in heaven, of which you previously heard in the word (logo) of truth, the gospel
3:17; Whatever you do in word (logo) or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks through Him to God the Father.

Philemon, Ephesians, and Hebrews do not mention the singular dative masculine “logo” in their letters.

1 Timothy:
4:12; Let no one look down on your youthfulness, but rather in speech (logo), conduct, love, faith and purity, show yourself an example of those who believe.
5:17; The elders who rule well are to be considered worthy of double honor, especially those who work hard at preaching (logo) and teaching. (The NASB, along with most translations, tend to bring an institutional bias into this verse and others like it. The word “preaching” is an incorrect translation based on institutional bias. This translation in Greek is literally: “The well caring older people of double honor let be deemed worthy, especially the labouring in speech (logo) and teaching.”)

2 Timothy and Titus do not mention the singular dative masculine “logo” in their letters.

1 Peter:
(*)2:8; and, “A STONE OF STUMBLING AND A ROCK OF OFFENSE”; for they stumble because they are disobedient to the word (logo), and to this doom they were also appointed.
(*)3:1; In the same way, you wives, be submissive to your own husbands so that even if any of them are disobedient to the word (logo), they may be won without a word (logou) by the behavior of their wives,

2 Peter:
(*)3:5; For when they maintain this, it escapes their notice that by the word (logo) of God the heavens existed long ago and the earth was formed out of water and by water,
(*)3:7; But by His word (logo) the present heavens and earth are being reserved for fire, kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.

1 John:
3:18; Little children, let us not love with word (logo) or with tongue, but in deed and truth.

2 John, 3 John, Jude, and Revelation do not mention the singular dative masculine “logo” in their letters.

The above passages describe all instances where the singular dative masculine “λόγῳ” (logo) is used in the New Testament. In context only in a few passages does it seem to reflect our personal indwelling Christ Jesus our Lord, the Word of God at least 11 of 45 instances of the use of the word seem to reflect our Lord or the name for our Lord. None of the gospels use this part of speech for our Lord. Peter in both of his letters and in every instance when using this word refers to Christ as “the Word.” Most passages seem to indicate logo refers to the expression of thought by something spoken.

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