JohnSWilson3 Blog


References of A Word Study of the Greek Word “logos.”
July 7, 2011, 3:30 am
Filed under: 2B - Word Study of "Logos"

I have used a few resources to help me in this study to better understand this particular word and the parts of speech that are important to understanding it’s use in scripture. The below are my resources:

– W.E. Vine, Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words, 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers. I used this to give me the Strong’s Concordance number to use in the Free Bible Tools online. the word “logos” is found on page 683 and it’s Strong Concordance number is 3056.
– Free Bible Tools. http://www.tgm.org/bible.htm. This includes many tools in researching words using Strong’s Concordance and Vine’s Dictionary. This gave me every chapter and verse of the New Testament where the word “logos” and it’s parts of speech were found. A very useful resource.
– Alfred Marshall, The Interlinear KJV-NIV Parallel New Testament in Greek and English, 1975, The Zondervan Corporation. I used this to find the exact Greek rendering of the word since the Free Bible Tools only used the Greek word “logos” and did not identify each of the parts of speech for the word. I compiled a list of the passages where each of the different parts of speech were used to do my comparison and ultimately the word study.
– New Testament Greek Online by Winfred P. Lehmann and Jonathan Slocum. http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/eieol/ntgol-0-X.html. This online site was very useful to better understand the different parts of speech and in fact described each of the parts of speech for the word “logos” so it was a definite plus in helping me better understand the parts of speech, at least for a protege like me.
– “Concerning the Logos” by Ken Funk, http://web.engr.oregonstate.edu/~funkk/Personal/logos.html, Rev 29 Dec 96. I did not use this website but it does seems to be a good resource on the use of the word “logos” in the Greek world not just in the New Testament.

The “Free Bible Tools” describes the word “logos” and it’s various parts of speech as follows:

1) of speech
a) a word, uttered by a living voice, embodies a conception or idea
b) what someone has said: (1) a word; (2) the sayings of God; (3) decree, mandate or order; (4) of the moral precepts given by God; (5) Old Testament prophecy given by the prophets; (6) what is declared, a thought, declaration, aphorism, a weighty saying, a dictum, a maxim
c) discourse: (1) the act of speaking, speech; (2) the faculty of speech, skill and practice in speaking; (3) a kind or style of speaking; (4) a continuous speaking discourse – instruction
d) doctrine, teaching
e) anything reported in speech; a narration, narrative
f) matter under discussion, thing spoken of, affair, a matter in dispute, case, suit at law
g) the thing spoken of or talked about; event, deed

2) its use as respect to the MIND alone
a) reason, the mental faculty of thinking, meditating, reasoning, calculating
b) account, i.e. regard, consideration
c) account, i.e. reckoning, score
d) account, i.e. answer or explanation in reference to judgment
e) relation, i.e. with whom as judge we stand in relation: (1) reason would
f) reason, cause, ground

3) In John, denotes the essential Word of God, Jesus Christ, the personal wisdom and power in union with God, his minister in creation and government of the universe, the cause of all the world’s life both physical and ethical, which for the procurement of man’s salvation put on human nature in the person of Jesus the Messiah, the second person in the Godhead, and shone forth conspicuously from His words and deeds.
Note: A Greek philosopher named Heraclitus first used the term Logos around 600 B.C. to designate the divine reason or plan which coordinates a changing universe.

Vine’s Dictionary describes “logos” and it’s parts of speech as follows:

Word:
denotes

(I) “the expression of thought,” not the mere name of an object,
(a) as embodying a conception or idea, e.g., Luk 7:7; 1Cr 14:9, 19; (b) a saying or statement, (1) by God, e.g., Jhn 15:25; Rom 9:9; 9:28, RV, “word” (AV, “work”); Gal 5:14; Hbr 4:12; (2) by Christ, e.g., Mat 24:35 (plur.); Jhn 2:22; 4:41; 14:23 (plur.); Jhn 15:20. In connection with (1) and (2) the phrase “the word of the Lord,” i.e., the revealed will of God (very frequent in the OT), is used of a direct revelation given by Christ, 1Th 4:15; of the gospel, Act 8:25; 13:49; 15:35, 36; 16:32; 19:10; 1Th 1:8; 2Th 3:1; in this respect it is the message from the Lord, delivered with His authority and made effective by His power (cp. Act 10:36); for other instances relating to the gospel see Act 13:26; 14:3; 15:7; 1Cr 1:18, RV; 2Cr 2:17; 4:2; 5:19; 6:7; Gal 6:6; Eph 1:13; Phl 2:16; Col 1:5; Hbr 5:13; sometimes it is used as the sum of God’s utterances, e.g., Mar 7:13; Jhn 10:35; Rev 1:2, 9;(c) discourse, speech, of instruction, etc., e.g., Act 2:40; 1Cr 2:13; 12:8; 2Cr 1:18; 1Th 1:5; 2Th 2:15; Hbr 6:1, RV, marg.; doctrine, e.g., Mat 13:20; Col 3:16; 1Ti 4:6; 2Ti 1:13; Tts 1:9; 1Jo 2:7;

(II) “The Personal Word,” a title of the Son of God; this identification is substantiated by the statements of doctrine in Jhn 1:1-18, declaring in verses Jhn 1:1, 2. (1) His distinct and superfinite Personality, (2) His relation in the Godhead (pros, “with,” not mere company, but the most intimate communion), (3) His deity; in Jhn 1:3 His creative power; in Jhn 1:14 His Incarnation (“became flesh,” expressing His voluntary act; not as AV, “was made”), the reality and totality of His human nature, and His glory “as of the only begotten from the Father,” RV (marg., “an only begotten from a father”), the absence of the article in each place lending stress to the nature and character of the relationship; His was the Shekinah glory in open manifestation; Jhn 1:18 consummates the identification: “the only-begotten Son (RV marg., many ancient authorities read “God only begotten,”), which is in the bosom of the Father, He hath declared Him,” thus fulfilling the significance of the title “Logos,” the “Word,” the personal manifestation, not of a part of the Divine nature, but of the whole Deity (see IMAGE). The title is used also in 1Jo 1:1, “the Word of life” combining the two declarations in Jhn 1:1, 4 and Rev 19:13 (for 1Jo 5:7 see THREE).

The difficulty I see is that in most translations of the Bible it is difficult to determine where “logos” and it’s parts of speech are used because so many other words are translated as “word” and in other instances “logos” is translated into other words such as “speech, “discourse,” “reason,” “saying,” etc. I understand that context of Greek words are important and so this plays a part in the translation. So I was impressed with the need to better understand where “logos” and it’s parts of speech were specifically used and so better understand perhaps where our indwelling Christ is represented versus someone speaking or parts of scripture.

To begin, I did want to describe what I learned about the parts of speech for the word “logos.” If you want some background to what is provided please go to that resource above for more information. Here is what “New Testament Greek Online” provided me:

“The parts of speech are inflected for four cases, besides a case of address called the vocative. The cases are as follows:

* Nominative, the case of the subject;
* Genitive, the case to indicate possession — possessive, in grammars of English
* Dative, the case of the indirect object
* Accusative, the case of the direct object — objective, in grammars of English”

Greek words can also be singular or plural so that eight specific parts of speech for a Greek word is possible. A helpful table was provided:

Masc (Transliteration)
Sg. Nom. λόγος (logos)
Sg. Gen. λόγου (logou)
Sg. Dat. λόγῳ (logo)
Sg. Acc. λόγον (logon)
Pl. Nom. λόγοι (logoi)
Pl. Gen. λόγων (logon)
Pl. Dat. λόγοις (logois)
Pl. Acc λόγους (logous)

If you notice the authors were very helpful in providing the eight parts of speech for the word “λόγος” or as it is transliterated “logos.” “λόγος” is the “singular nominative masculine” part of speech. Because I am specifically looking for how Christ the Personal Word is described in the New Testament I looked for only those parts of speech that were singular and then in context for each of those words where we see Christ our indwelling Lord. I have to say that as I was going through the various context their does seem to be an indication that while the Personal Indwelling Lord may not be described, it is often possible to see that the indwelling Lord is at work in the passage and should not be dismissed. On some occasions I have written a literal Greek translation for better clarification of some difficult Greek constructions and also to hopefully shed light on other aspects of that verse. May you know more of our Indwelling Christ as you look at the many verses that the “logos” and it’s parts of speech are used in the New Testament.

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